Dr. Agnes Binagwaho is the Minister of Health of the Republic of Rwanda. From October 2008 to May 2011 she served as Permanent Secretary of the Ministry of Health. She specialized in emergency pediatrics, neonatology, and the treatment of HIV/AIDS; and she chairs the Rwandan Pediatric Society. From 1986 to 2002, she practiced medicine in public hospitals in Rwanda and several other countries before joining Rwanda's National AIDS Control Commission as Executive Secretary. She is a member of the Editorial Board of Public Library of Science, and the Harvard University Health and Human Rights Journal. Dr. Binagwaho co-chaired the Millennium Development Goal Project Task Force on HIV/AIDS and Access to Essential Medicines for the Secretary-General of the United Nations under the leadership of Professor Jeffrey Sachs. She was the global co-chair of the Joint Learning Initiative on Children and HIV/AIDS. In addition to her medical degree and Master in Pediatrics, she received an Honorary Doctor of Sciences from Dartmouth College. Dr. Binagwaho serves as a senior lecturer in the Department of Global Health and Social Medicine of Harvard Medical School.